What is a smart home and what can smart home automation do for you?

The term smart home is increasingly common. With the rise to prominence of the Internet of Things, smart home technology and smart home automation soon followed. Wondering what is a smart home and what smart home automation can do for you? Learn all about smart home systems, technology, and more!

What is a smart home? What is home automation?

What Is A Smart Home -- Smart Home Diagram

Let's begin a smart home definition. As CNBC reports, according to CNET, a smart home is "A home that is equipped with network-connected products...for controlling, automating and optimizing functions such as temperature, lighting, security, safety or entertainment..." A smart home is any household outfitted with gadgets connected via networking protocols like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. There's an onus on integration. Because smart home tech is controlled remotely, users often operate these devices with phones or computers. Additionally, many smart home gadgets include features such as voice control.

Smart home automation takes the smart home a step further by removing the human element. With smart home technology, you control devices manually. For instance, setting the temperature in your house or arming a security system from your phone. However, with smart home automation, the devices remain in control. During initial set up, you configure parameters. Based on these settings, the devices themselves react to scenarios accordingly. This could mean automated lighting at a certain time, or climate controls shifting temperature at various intervals. You still have the ability to tweak settings manually. But the automation aspect yields greater control to the devices.

What does smart home automation do?

Ok, but what does smart home automation do? Automation focuses on streamlining tasks. With a traditional smart home, you as the user control various gadgets through switches, mobile apps, and web apps. That way you can set the temperature, dim the lighting, and arm or disarm the security system from within your home as well as remotely.

However, smart home automation instead puts the onus of decision making on gadgets. So instead of manually controlling settings, you set parameters. When conditions are met, your gadgets automatically adjust. The idea is increased efficiency in allowing your devices to account for pre-set conditions. For example, lighting may turn on when you walk in the room. Or your blinds raise up when a specified level of sunlight hits the window.

The way this works depends on the device and system. Some thermostats or lighting systems employ motion detection technology. Alternately, certain devices measure metrics like the indoor and outside temperature or humidity levels. These might set the perfect temperature depending on your pre-determined settings. Whereas non-automated smart home technology needs to be manually set, automated devices don't. Still, they can be manually controlled.


What Is A Smart Home -- Security

A major area of smart home automation is security. A smart lock is a neat means of automatically unlocking and locking doors as you come and go. Typically, these come with accompanying mobile apps for manual control as well. Full on home security systems might include a smart lock but add more features. Additional smart home security tech might include an alarm which you can trigger to blare when unwanted motion is sensed. Additionally, most home security cameras operate with automation. Rather than continuous recording, security systems usually only record when there's motion detected.

Geofencing is a means to create a virtual geographic boundary. For a smart home, this would be your house. Smart tech employs GPS or RFID which lets software trigger responses when mobile devices enter or leave a certain geographic area. With geofencing, you can track when your family members come and go, automatically lock and unlock doors, and set the lights and thermostat to kick on and off. Geofencing is common in smart home security.

Climate control smart home automation

What Is A Smart Home -- Climate Control

Another huge smart home automation sector is climate control. Climate control and security remain the most common examples of smart home technology and automation. Using a smart thermostat lends the ability to turn it on, off, and adjust straight from an app. Automation allows you to set an auto-adjustment for when certain parameters are met. For example, lowering the A/C when you arrive, and raising it when you leave. A major benefit of climate control in smart home automation comes as lower energy bills. By avoiding manual adjustments, your smart devices keep an optimal and balanced temperature which translates to energy savings.

Media smart home automation

What Is A Smart Home -- Media Automation

Although climate control and security offer the most prominent smart home automation examples, media presents a huge and popular sector. When you turn on your media center, you might have the lighting in your media room set to automatically adjust. If you're a Plex user, there's even an integration with Google Home and Alexa for voice commands. That way there's no need to even pick up the remote.

Benefits of a smart home: What is a smart home and why should you build one?

What Is A Smart Home? -- Advantages Of A Smart Home

Besides asking what is a smart home, you might question the smart home benefits. Smart homes carry loads of benefits. These are the meain smart home benefits:

  • Security: There's added security in a smart home. Consider a smart security system, surveillance system, or smart door lock. When you leave, your doors automatically lock. While you're out, an Internet-connected security system monitors unwanted movement and intrusions. But with a smart security system, you can always view your home from elsewhere.
  • Monetary savings: Primarily, you'll witness this with climate control and lighting. By having lighting systems programmed to shut on and off, you'll save money through lowered electricity bills. Smart thermostats can adjust the temperature accordingly lower your energy bill. If you have a smart sprinkler system, these controllers use weather patterns and prevent watering when it's raining.
  • Time savings: You'll benefit from added convenience through ease of use and automation. Simply set rules to automatically lock doors, turn on and off lighting, and bump down the thermostat.
  • Increased home worth: As Reviewed reports, NextMarket Insights discovered that generation X, or the 30-44 market, spends the most on smart home features. Further, Coldwell Banker Real Estate in a poll of 4,00 U.S. residents in 2015 revealed that 27% of consumers planned to incorporate smart home tech within a year. Whereas the most prominent smart home tech ranks as security, climate control, and lighting, entertainment like smart TVs and speakers were the most popular.

Disadvantages of a smart home

Unfortunately, while smart home benefits are plentifyl, smart homes also have their downsides.

  • Security: While security may be bolstered with a smart home, there's the potential for threats. IoT remains a new space. As such, security is a major challenge and concern. Although threats in IoT likely seem more nefarious like Skynet launching or HAL 9000, it manifests as data security. As CNBC reports, some smart fridges were hacked to send out spam messages. Sure, this is a fairly innocuous violation. But consider the connectivity of smart home devices. Through tracking metrics, patterns emerge which lend insight into living habits. If made available, this date could provide likely times when you're at work or on the go. So when you lock your doors, turn on and off the A/C, and trigger your lighting might lead to a break-in if that data gets into the wrong hands.
  • Complexity: Smart homes are admittedly complex. This goes for setting up as well as troubleshooting. Often when a non-smart item in your home goes awry, it's simple to diagnose. But electronics remain more complicated than mechanical devices. Often added work in getting your smart devices to communicate with one another. If it's from the same manufacturer, this could be a non-issue. But for smart home products from different vendors, it's a greater challenge.
  • Uncertainty: IoT is still a fresh space. Accordingly, the smart home realm is relatively new. This leads to uncertainty on several levels. For consumers, it's sometimes tough to find reliable reviews and feedback about products. Hacking and security issues might emerge which utilized a vulnerability. Plus, cross-compatibility between devices is often a gray area.

Getting started: Smart home products and smart home automation products

Now that we've answered "what is a smart home," you're probably wondering "how do I build a smart home?" Luckily, the answer is pretty simple. Abundant choices complicate the matter only slightly.

Smart hubs

What Is A Smart Home -- Smart HubsA smart hub simplifies the creation of a smart home by integrating the various components. SmartThings is a great example. As a hub, it's a means to connect these various parts. On the SmartThings website, you'll find a list of supported devices which includes the Philips Hue LED bulb, Google Home, and Ring doorbell.


Voice Assistants

What Is A Smart Home -- Echo

Using a voice assistant, you can control everything from making online purchases to playing music. Plus, voice assistants usually sync with other smart home devices either natively or through third-party hubs for voice-controlled lighting. The most popular voice assistants for building a smart home are the Google Home, Amazon Echo, and Echo Dot.


What Is A Smart Home -- Philips Hue

Since it's one of the most popular smart home areas, lighting offers a bevy of smart tech. Philips Hue is incredibly prevalent. Cree's connected LED is a major player as well. The Sylvania color LED is a top pick among smart home lighting choices. Light bulbs aside, you can get light strips like the Philips Hue lightstrip Plus. Switches from Leviton allow for dimming, and the Lutron Caseta wireless in-wall dimmer is a fantastic connected option.


What Is A Smart Home - Blink Wireless Home Security

Likewise, there's a ton of security-oriented smart home tech. The Netgear Arlo Q Plus HD security camera, Ring video doorbell, and Blink wireless home security system are among the best picks. Door locks like the Yale Assure and Schlage Century provide ways to unlock doors with a smartphone app.


What Is A Smart Home -- Entertainment

One of the easiest smart home entertainment offerings to implement is a smart TV. An Nvidia Shield TV is a fantastic connected device with voice search built into its candy bar style remote. Plus, the Shield TV is compatible with Google Home. Plus, you can integrate lighting for automatic dimming when you turn on the TV. Smart TVs are basic entertainment home automation devices.

The future of smart homes

What Is A Smart Home -- The Future Of Smart Homes

Smart homes aren't new. The concept thrived in science fiction long before its segue into mainstream adoption. Pop culture ranging from "The X-Files" to "The Jetsons" and even "Thirteen Ghosts" presented smart homes. Of course, many of these smart home incarnations are decidedly unrealistic. Nevertheless, look to these far-fetched examples of smart tech to continue permeating society. Smartphones include voice assistants like Google Assistant, Siri, and Bixby.

Also, watch for smart home tech to plummet in price. As smart home features flourish and the space evolves, what was once cutting edge becomes a budget offering. With this increased affordability comes wider adoption. Moreover, as gen X gets older, expect increasing adoption of smart home tech. With younger generations already familiar with connected devices, this is a trend that's here to stay.

What is a smart home: Final thoughts on smart home automation and smart home benefits

Now that we explored smart home automation, smart home benefits, and smart home tech, we've answered the question of what is a smart home. A smart home may sound difficult to set up or expensive. However, it's feasible for pretty much any homeowner (or even renter) to set up a smart home. Building a smart home boasts tons of benefits, from bolstered security to monetary savings, and added convenience.

Once you've settled on the areas to focus on building a smart home, concentrate on finding the right technology. Keep compatibility in mind, as you'll want to ensure integration of as many smart devices as possible. The more of your smart devices that can communicate with one another, the easier it is to set up and maintain your smart home.

Your turn: What is a smart home to you? Will you create one, or do you own one? Comment below, and kickstart the smart home discussion!

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Moe Long

I am a staff writer at SmartHomeBeginner, and a freelance writer with a focus on tech media. I run Cup Of Moe and have been featured in Electromaker, MakeUseOf, The Penny Hoarder, TechBeacon, Cliqist, Bubbleblabber, DZone, and EpicStream. As an HTPC enthusiast, I'm quite fond of my Plex server and enjoy playing with my Raspberry Pi. When I'm not hammering away at my keyboard, I can be found drinking far too much coffee, running, and listening to vinyl.